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The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil
The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
All about Water
The 345 Years Old Law Compendium par excellence
Acompanied by Twofold Noble Provenance
thereof the one of Karl Ernst Schmid
as a later holder of Fritsch’s chair in Jena
Fritsch, Ahasver (ed.). Jus Fluviaticum, Romano-Germanicum Tripartitum, Complectens Variorum Autorum Tractatus, Consilia, Decisiones, & Observationes, de jure Fluminum, Fontium, Piscationum, Navigationis, Alluvionis, Jure Grutiæ seu Ratium, Insulis, Molendinis, Aquæductibus, Stapulis, Aggeribus, Pontibus, etc. Jena, Zacharias Hertel , also bookseller in Hamburg , printed by Samuel Adolph Müller, (16)72. Sm. 4to. 8 unpag. ll. title, dedication, preface + index, 1264 (wrong 1260), 216, 112 pp., 8 unnum. ll. index. With some borders and large as well as several small initials and printer’s mark in woodcut. Contemp. vellum with old written inscription D. Fritschii / Jus Fluviaticum on the back. Paled red edges.
Stintzing-L. III/1, 42 + Noten 25; Mantel II, 479; Jöcher II, 776. – Title in red + black. – With Müller’s fine printers’s mark on page III/112: laurel wreath with eagle to the left over two serpents, between the latter the monogram S. A. M., and in the inner circle MIHI DANTE DEO NIL NOCET INVIDIA. * EN!
Pp. 47/8 + 1223/4 paginated twice. – With owner’s label and exlibris resp. of
Dr. Karl Ernst Schmid, GR. Ord.
(Weimar 1774 – 1852?; ADB XXXI, 675 f.)
The Bibliotheca Tiliana
(Dr. Kurt Lindner, Sondershausen 1906 – Bamberg 1987),
its small library stamp additionally on the back of the title and final leaf before the index (III, 112). – Evenly weakly to only partially somewhat more/severer browned as quite normal due to the paper, the eight index leaves additionally with touch of dirt as well as with faint tidemark in the white upper margin from their fourth page on. – A tear in the joint of the title (4 cm) backed acid-freely as a precaution. Small hole in the white top margin of l. 207/08, small paper tear out in the white lower margin and its outer corner resp. of ll. 675/6 + 1191/2, at least the latter originally. One such added from old in the dedication and 2nd index leaf. Pp. 1-24 with tiny to small ink spot in the outmost white upper margin. – All in all fine copy.
In its majority in Latin, in important contributions, however, also purely in German, the
comprehensive source work for the historic + current water law
in all its ramifications up to the islands or the water buildings like bridges or mills or the specifications as they still today dominate everyday life like the ownership of soil washed off/ashore up to the case of re-rooting of overgrowth carried away, separated into
I: Variorum Auctorum Tractatus.
Completely fulfilling therefore the “Honouring sonnet / on present
most respectable work of honour of river law
by Herrn Ahasverus Fritschen widely called Doctor of both Laws … ” (end of the title) by the famous-notorious law student “Qvirin Kuhlmann Breßlauern“ who heard Fritsch in Jena, the soon after extreme religious fanatic, but also even “as 20-year-old youth (bearer of the) imperial title of a poeta laureatus (Breslau 1651 – Russia 1689 at the stake; ADB XVII, 331 f.), while Fritsch himself dedicates his opus by
to the senators & nobilities of the Free and Hansa Towns
as riparians of the famous German rivers
Franciscus Stypmann (1612 Greifswald 1650), De Jure Fluminum, (pp. 1-53, pt. II, chap. 5 of his Tractatum de jure maritimo & nautico, posthumously 1652, Jöcher IV, 917 f.) / Johann Bernhard Beyer, De Jure Fontium (53-95) / A. Fritsch, De Jure Grutiæ, Vulgò Flöß=Recht (in mixed language, 95-238). – With formulation pattern of a raft mandate + raft licence (135-141) as well as the appendixes Fürstl. Würtenberg. Floß=Ordnung + Bayer. Ordnung Das Floßwerg betreffend (224-238) and decisions on everyday life (201-223). Worth mentioning, too, the calling in of the law of nations securing the public use of the constantly running waters (flumina publica) analogously to the “Imperial country roads (which) are all free and open” (143). / Johann Oettinger (b. 1609), Discursus Vom Meer, Fisch=Wassern, Flüssen, Bächen, Bronnen, Ufern, Gestaden, Insuln, Wörden, Seen und Weyhern, books 1, chap. 12 + 2, chap. 2 of his Tractatum de jure et controversiis limitum & finibus regundis, 1642 + 1667, Jöcher III, 1036 (predominantly in Latin, 239-318). / Johann Gryphiander (recte Griepenkerl, b. from the county Oldenburg, 1614 legal doctorate in Jena, since 1618 councillor and judge in Oldenburg where he died in 1652), De Insulis, Eylands=Recht (interspersed with German, 319-950). – “His best known papers are: ‘Tractatus de insulis’ (1624) …” (ADB X, 73; see per Oettinger + Meurer, too). / Noä Meurer (Memmingen born Palatinate councillor, “was the first who treated the legal proceedings at the Superior Court … systematically. The German style well for the time then is praised … also (wrote) about forest, game and water law”, ADB XXI, 537 f.), Wasser=Recht ,
Fürnehmlich des Weitberühmbten und Goldreichen Rheinstroms ,
( “All waters’ king the Rhine” )
wie derselbig gleich als ein Richter, am Gestaden, jetzt dem einen gebe, dem andern nehme: Item von Inseln (1007-1025), Auen, Waiten, auch Beth oder Bauch des Rheins, sampt andern desselben mehr anhangenden und zugehörigen Gerechtigkeiten, als der Oberkeit Gestaden, Ufern, Leinpfad, Schiffung, Vogelweid, Salmen und Goltgründen, Eyßbrüchen, Alt Wassern, etc. (in German, 951-1158, Jöcher VIII, 1590, 4 with editions 1570, 1663, 1733, “as a famous jurist in the mid of the 16th century, first in ducal Wurttemberg and then in Electoral Palatinate services, as councillor. See Schillhorn’s Memmingische Reformat. Gesch. pag. 215”). – Also on (ban) mills and water buildings in general (1120-1145) as, too, fishing (1145-1150). – With 15½-page preface to Philip von Gemmingen zu Guttenberg “as a distinguished noble one, not only of the old laudable familiy of those von Gemmingen ancient over 500 years, but also for their noble virtues, and high intellect, also special inclination, so they have for the free arts, and scholars …”, dated Heidelberg January 12, 1570,
in which at the outset he refers to Bart. â Saxo Ferrato (= Bartolus Severus de Alphanis, Sassoferrato 1313 – Peruggia 1355, there professorship, imperial councillor of Charles IV who honoured him with a Bohemian coat of arms; Jöcher I, 831) as “a leader and captain of all jurists”, whose Tractatum Tyberiadis (Tiberiadem, 1355) shall serve him as model for his water /Rhine treatise to postulate in the further course not least in the cost interest of common man the necessity of German country law and German statutes against Roman law. /
Georg Adam Struve (Magdeburg 1619 – Jena 1692, of an old Brunswick family with Berthold S. as archiepiscopal councillor + mill steward in Magdeburg as father, while among the ancestors of the mother Brunner “there were several renowned jurists; especially her greatgrandfather B. was held in great esteem as assessor of the Reich’s Supreme Court at Speier …”. Struve himself, president of the law college Jena, “Important as statesman and teacher … in the field of legal literature almost an outstanding appearance … a personality in which the leading thoughts of the time are embodied … Stintzing notes … ‘His papers are the first theoretical works in which the empiric method, the unbiased perception and organization of reality as goal of the jurisprudence begin to tell. He has established clarity about the foundations of the German conditions of law’ … ”, ADB XXXVI, 677 ff.; Jöcher IV, 894 ff.) or Georg Sigismund Richter (Nuremberg 1645 – 1711, eldest son of the jurist Johann Georg, 1676 legal doctorate in Jena, 1685 envoy for Nuremberg on the Reichstag at Regensburg, since 1700 adviser of the council in Nuremberg, since 1704 Privy Councillor of the elector of Palatinate-Neuburg, 1706 as director of the Neuburg Privy Council in Dusseldorf, Jöcher X, 2072 f.), De Aquæductibus (1159-1222). – On the contents with Struve as author, the text preliminaries with Richter (Dissertatio de … Auct. Georg. Sigism. Richter.). For both the title is secured: for the former per Jöcher IV (1751), 896, top, with express (contents sheet only?) reference to the one here (“de aquæ ductibus, which disputation one also finds in Ahasv. Fritschens jure fluviatico”), for the latter per same place X, 2073, 2 (“D. de aquæductibus”). / Johann Hering (Oldenburg 1599 – Hanover 1658; 1629 syndic of the chapter of the Bremen cathedral, 1639 in same position in Verden, 1651 again so in Bremen where he had returned already in 1646. In-between, 1632, Oldenburg privy and chancellory councillor, in the 2nd half of the ’40s privy councillor “by nature” of the counts of Oldenburg and also after 1651 again in Oldenburg), Summa Quæstionum de Molendinis (1223-1231, Jöcher II, 1531 mentioning the title). / A. Fritsch, De Jure Pontium, Brücken=Recht (in mixed language, 1231-1260).
Henning Göde (also Gode or, as here, Goden, mid 15th century – 1521, jurist from Werben near Havelberg, studies, doctorate + practice in Erfurt, “gained great prestige as solicitor (already early on) … also in other towns, especially of North Germany, with princes and gentlemen a requested legal counsellor and agent … at the Reichstag and state parliaments … From the council of the Erfurt municipality he received a salary as legal adviser, his reputation with that was so outweighing that nothing was done without his consent … The Erfurt university repeatedly elected its famous member for rectorship … The legal works handed down to us … are distinguished by clarity and shortness, they reveal the sense governed by reality … and his great talent for the legal practice …”, ADB IX, 314 ff.), De Jure aquæ in nostro fundo ortæ (2-34). / Thomas Merckelbach, Der Jure Piscandi, obstruendialveum, derivatione fluminum, irrigatione pratorum, restagnatione, jurisdictione ac pietate aquarum (predominantly in German, 34-56, before in Kaspar Klock’s Consilia, 1649/50, vol. I, cons. 33; concerning, with reference to mills, too, fishing issues in the district of Ulm dating back to about 1496 with the keywords Rusbach, Schemmerberg, Obersulmetingen). / Modestinus Pistoris (Leipsic 1516 – 1565; “In the history of German jurisprudence the family Pistoris is entitled to a remarkable place. Together with legislation, the constitutiones Saxonicae, the Saxon jurists of the later 16th and the 17th century have exercised a noticeable influence on doctrine and jurisdiction not just in the own country, but in a larger part of Germany, too. Simon P. with his sons Modestinus and Hartmann belongs to the most renown among these scholars”, ADB XXVI, 186 ff.), De Jure Piscandi præscriptione adquisiti probatione … (predominantly in German, 57-70; before in vol. I, 1586, cons. 19, of his father’s expert opinions posthumously published by the son Jacob). / Mathäus Wesenbeck (Antwerp 1531 – Wittenberg 1586), De Molendini & Aquæ Jure, jurisdictione, & similibus servitutibus (71-104, before Wesenbeck IV, cons. 197). / Th. Merckelbach, In causa Mayntz, contra Hanau, das Marck=Schiff auff den Meyen=Strom betreffend (quite well interspersed with German, 105-116, before Klock I, cons. 5). / Hieronymus Schurff (St. Gallen 1481 – Frankfort/Oder 1554 with reference to Wittenberg), Utrum habenti jus piscandi in flumine publico, possint definiti certa instrumenta, quibus utatur? (116-120, 18th of his Consilii). / Johann Biedenbach, Ob ein Fürst in Haupt=Flüssen, Rhein, Tonau, Necker etc. so durch deren vom Adel Oberkeit und Güter lauffen und fliessen, sich der Lands=Fürstlichen Obrigkeit anzunehmen habe? (Latin, 120-122). / De Fluminibus & jure prohibendi navigationem (predominantly in German, 122-145, before Consil. Argentor. – Straßburg – II, cons. 62). / Andreas Rauchbar., An Princeps, ad quem flumina publica regalium jure pertinent, navigationem in iis interdicere, & prohibere possit? (146-152, Rauchbar. I, quæst. 23). / Peter Heige (Stralsund 1559 – Dresden 1599), An de aquis & fluminibus investitus, fluviatica incrementa … (152-184, Heig II, quæst. 40). / N. Myler, Si flumen vel stagnum, cursum suum vel alveum mutet: … (184-195, Myler, Metrolog., chap. 14, § 21 ff.). / David Mevius (1609 Greifswald 1670), An in causis reparationis aggerum, Teich=Sachen, appellationi locus sit … (195-197, Mevius III, decis. 163). / Derselbe, An Processus in causis aggerum summarius … (197-199, same place dec. 164). / Fr. Stypmann, De Jure Stapularum & Geranii (199-207, pt. III, chap. 2 of his De jure maritimo & nautico as above. / Matth. Coler, De Poenis eorum, qui aggeres rumpunt (207, Coler., decis. 171). / N. Meurer, De Aquis & Piscatione (207-216, Meurer, Opera Venet. VII, art. 89).
Churfürstliche Sächsische Fisch=Ordnung Johann Georg’s, Dresden July 29, 1657 (2-12) / Extract Churfürstl. Sächs. Landes=Ordnung de Anno 155(5?), Fisch=Ordnung (12-13) / Fürstl. Sächs.-Gothanische Fisch=Ordnung de Anno 1667 (13-18) / Fürstl. Bayr. Fisch=Ordnung. Wie die auff der Thonau, Ihn, Yser, Saltzach und sonsten allenthalben gehalten werden soll (18-29) / Fürstl. Sächsische Merseburgische Fisch=Ordnung Herzog Christian’s, Merseburg February 9, 1670 (29-38) / Fürstl. Hessen=Casselische Wasser= und Fisch=Ordnung Landgraf Wilhelm’s, Kassel May 1, 1657 (38-43) / Churfürstl. Sächs. Wasser= und Mühl=Ordnung Auff dem Unstrut=Strohm Johann Georg’s, Dresden April 29, 1653 (44-53) / Fürstl. Sächs. Gothanische Mühl=Ordnung (53-61) / Fürstl. Bayer. Ordnung des Mühlwercks (53-70) / Fürstl. Sächs. Merseburg. Wasser= und Mühl=Ordnung Herzog Christian’s, Merseburg, February 8, 1670 (71-78) / Teich=Ordnung. Hertzogs Augusti (of Saxony, Jülich, Cleve and Berg etc.), Postulirten Administratoris des Primat= und Ertzstiffts Magdeburg etc. Erneuerte und Publicirte Verordnung, Wie es hinführo mit wieder Anbauung der Elb Teich=Dämme im Jerichauischen Creyß gehalten, und was darbey allerdings beobachtet werden soll. Halle June 11, 1655 (79-112). – All in German.
Fritsch (Mücheln, Merseburg, 1629 – Rudolstadt 1701) – legal doctorate Jena 1661, since 1687 Schwarz-burg-Rudolstadt chancellor – wrote about 300 papers on legal, political, journalistic, theological, and ascetic themes, their plenty in Jöcher II, 772 ff. The present compendium unites beside own contributions excellent pens of the time and lasting-outstanding of the past, enriched with decrees corsetting everyday life. It is
the bastion of knowledge on water law
of the time pure and simple and still 345 years later a fund of sources of together culture-historical comunicativeness. In addition recognizably rarer compared with his other today still irrenounceable Corpus juris venatorio-forestalis with its editions of 1676 + 1702.
THE COPY HERE THEN
held in hands and read before by two scholars of different disciplines whose local neighbourhoods, however, chance brought together very near twice :
in the Thuringian, as besides Fritsch’s district, as the origin of both – still 1840 Schmid was constitutional-reformatively active for Schwarzburg-Sondershausen in whose princely archive Lindner, born 66 years later in Sondershausen, processed as 17-year-old the hunting files – , in the Franconian as sphere of activity of Schmid for 10 years (Bayreuth) and as afterwar result lifelong for Lindner (Bamberg) resp.
Schmid was jurist ( i. a. on Fritsch’s chair in Jena )
and publicist (i. a. editing of the Baireuth political newspaper, 1797-1807, Germany’s Rebirth, 1814, Civil Rights of the Jews, 1816, Book Reprint, 1823, then important contributions for Brockhaus’ “Hermes” whose editing he took over in 1823), so Lindner industrialist and publishing scholar. Whose after-life is founded in the activity as the latter and therefore in his 12000-volume library. Which as object is past, but shines up for all times, however, from the collector’s “Bibliography of German and Netherlandish Hunting Literature from 1480 till 1850” from 1976 together with the continuation till 1945 by the collaborator of long Sigrid Schwenk (published vol. I: A-K, 1997).
Shining up then, too, so you want, from your own hands by means of
Fritsch’s water law in the copy of the Bibliotheca Tiliana
with provenance Karl Ernst Schmid with its exlibris of the rising branch “with three stylized lime leafs, on brown ground and printed in shining gold, – a ‘tilia aurea’ – ” as a link to one of “the most fascinating collector personalities” (Markus Brandis) on the field of the hunt in the farest meaning.
Offer no. 28,594 / EUR 1380. / export price EUR 1311. (c. US$ 1516.) + shipping