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The Rugendas Letters
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
first voyage to Brazil
“ … Excellent Knowledge
in Mathematics , Shipbuilding , Nautical Science … ”
Röding, Johann Hinrich. Allgemeines Wörterbuch der Marine in allen europæischen Seesprachen nebst vollstændigen Erklærungen (General Dictionary of the Marine in all European Languages together with Complete Explanations). 3 text vols. & plate vol. in 4 vols. Hamburg, Licentiat Nemnich, & Halle, Johann Jacob Gebauer, (& Leipsic, Adam Friedrich Böhme), (1793/4-98). 4to. With 3 (2 folded twice) tables as well as
115 ( 10 partly repeatedly folded ) engraved plates .
Contemp. dark brown h. leather with dark red backplates and green marbled covers (renewed) and brown marbled fly-leaves. Red edges.
Zischka 75; NHSM 1001; Jöcher XI (1897), 227 f. – Name on fly-leaf. – As regularly due to the paper mostly evenly a little browned, only here and there especially in the far parts partly somewhat more or foxed, yet for greater parts practically not at all, too. 15 ll. in vol. I with crease of dog-ears lower right, 14 ll. within the Swedish index (vol. III) with tidemark in the corner upper right. Quite isolated annotations/additions by old hand in brown ink as well as pencil opposite to 4 plates, one ink spot in the white margin of the Danish index (vol. III). Folded plate 107 torn off in the upper left segment attached again by old practically without impairing the subject, the inner edge of plate 85 providently backed acid-freely. Two volumes with restored cover at the top as well as foot (1) heads and without title backplate, the backplates of the other two vols. with defect each. Generally
remarkably fine , fresh copy
of this earliest specialist dictionary in German language .
Starting from mathematics and its at first theoretical application to astronomy and navigation, the interest developed in Röding to get acquainted with their practical transfer in shipbuilding and navigation of the various seafaring nations. Beside the study of the relevant, though generally inadequate literature – among them i. a. Escallier, Bourdé de Villehuet, Duhamel – the direct exchange with practitioners was at the center. For what the Hamburg harbor naturally provided rich possibilities:
Further considering the latest improvements in nautical astronomy just as the new methods of calculating the drag in the water, the movement of the ship, and other things more. Intended for about 800 illustrations, the number of 60 plates estimated for these doubled – as so frequently – yet. But “the very look of a figure is sufficient to give everyone a distinct idea of it and the costs of the figures are completely compensated by the saving of text”.
(Lothar Eich in the epilog to the reprint of the plates, Leipsic 1987).
So Röding not least received financial support for the printing of the dictionary from Catharine II, though an intended Russian index was not carried out:
A Spanish-English edition was published 1815.
Röding (Buxtehude 1763 – Hamburg 1815), son of the Hamburg-born archdeacon Lucas Heinrich there and not to be confounded with the writer, poet, and principal at St. Jacobi of the same name, came
Vols. I & II with the actual dictionary published in 6 parts. Prefixed in vol. I preface, subscribers’ list as well as indices of General Maritime Literature published between 1484 and 1793 and treatises of the l’Academie Royale des Sciences de Paris 1666-1785, the Royal Society of London, vol. I-LXXXI (1665-1792), the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1739-90, from the German translations published in Hamburg and Leipsic 1749-92), the Vaterlandsche Letter-Oeffningen, Amsterdam 1768-85, and the Hollandse Maatschappy der Weetenschapen te Haarlem, 1755-87, resp., the Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 1728-77, supplement of books and manuscripts as well as author’s and subject indices to the aforementioned publications.
Vol. IV with the plates
preceded by an explanation of the individual figures .
The engravings partly with the varying signatures and monograms resp. of Andreas Stöttrup (1754 Hamburg 1811) known particularly as portrait painter, but also by various book illustrations. By this also the engraved title of vol. I. Besides such of one Monthuchon as certainly identical with the engraver de Monthuchon Thieme-Becker record with an “amateurish” view of the pontoon bridge at Coblenz of 1793.
Collation as follows:
Vol. I: 1 l. engraved title, VIII pp., 4 ll., 288, 444 cols., 1 l. title 2nd prt., cols. 445-616, 1 l. title 3rd prt., cols. 617-920 (790 mispag. 709), 2 (1 folded) ll. tables, cols. 921-936;
Vol. II: 2 ll. (title/title 4th prt.), 200 cols., 1 l. title 5th prt., cols. 201-596, 1 l. title 6th prt., cols. 597-948 (258 mispag. 248, 667/8 skipped, 673 mispag. 573, 707/8 mispag. 706/7);
Vol. III: 2 ll. title, 168 (Dutch Index; 134 mispag. 341), 104 (Danish Index; 50 interchanged to 05), 104 (Swedish Index), 172 (English Index), 348 (French Index; 348 mispag. 148), 110 (Italian Index), 136 (Spanish Index), 124 (Portuguese Index), 184 (appendices; 98 mispag. 7) cols.;
Vol. IV: 56 cols. 115 plates.