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The Rugendas Letters:
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First Voyage to Brazil
1821-1825

The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
 
marine niemeyer - since 1992 -

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Unrivaled  complete

with  General  Map , Compass  Card &

Explanation  in  4  Languages

as  here  not  provable  in  any  Collection

The  First  Prussian  Maritime  Atlas

in  the  First  Edition  of  1749

Brouckner (Bruckner), Isaac. Nouvel Atlas de Marine. Composé d’une Carte Generale, et de XII Cartes Particulieres, qui Representent Le Globe Terrestre jusqu’au 82e. Degré du Coté du Nord, et jusqu’au 60e. du Coté du Sud. Berlin 1749. With

Isaac Brouckner, World Map

1  world  map  &  12  ( 2  colored in outline )  charts

– all  in  Mercator  projection –

in  engraving  ( 45.8-46.2 x 52.8-53.5 cm )

by Nicolaus Frdr. Sauerbrey (map engraver and engraver of arms in Berlin, d. about 1771) as well as 1 engraved plate with four compass cards for cutting out and small exercise chart (22.7 x 36.3 cm) together with

“ Advertisement  Concerning  the  Sea-Atlas

Isaac Brouckner, Nouvel Atlas de Marine

published  and  approved  by  the  Royal  Academy  of  Sciences  at  Berlin

in  the  Year  1749. ”

with explanation & exercises in German , English , French, and Dutch (sm. 4to à 4 ll. No place & printer [1749]).

Literature

Keehn 1; Phillips 612 ([later?] English ed.?, see below) & 5686 (Dutch ed. from 1759: “A Dutch edition of  the  earliest  Prussian  maritime  atlas ”); Koeman IV (1970), Os 1 (taking over Phillips 5686 literally); Tooley 83; Shirley BL, M.BROU-1a; Bagrow-Skelton, Meister der Kartographie (1963), pp. 273 f. & 472 together with full-page ills. of the north-westerly part of the chart of Europe; Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, 2nd ed. (1952); W. Schneewind, Der Basler Globenmacher Isaak Bruckner (1689-1762) in Der Globenfreund, Vienna, 2, 1953, pp. 22-29. – Max Grolls remark on occasion of the facsimile edition Berlin 1912 (Phillips 4146), that the atlas could be established in but three copies – among these just not the one of the Royal Library, today Staatsbibliothek Berlin, that in Helsingfors, however, actually the Dutch edition of 1759, see below – cannot be duplicated.

Charts XI & XII in coastal outline coloring as intended by the editor for all charts, yet here left undone for the others. – The charts on untrimmed full sheet with watermark WANGEN together with secondary mark, the plate untrimmed on three sides with watermark fragment fleur-de-lis with typographical pendant, the Advertisement each on untrimmed full sheet with watermark. Only the German version cut open at head. – The charts with margins laterally 3-8.5 cm wide, above and below in line with the sheet 5-12 mm, only with three charts the platemark partially runs along the edge of the sheet. The margins of the plate above & below 6.7 and 6.2 resp., laterally 4.7-5.2 cm wide. Utterly smoothed out centerfold perceptible at the back only, in the left white margin partly somewhat longer tears mostly backed by old, chart V in the lower margin with two tears still extending into the white margin outside of the chart’s lining done acid-freely as well as creased for 9 cm, the world map somewhat fissured in the lower margin.

First  edition

of  the  first  Prussian  maritime  atlas ,

drawn up by order of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin and dedicated to its director

Samuel  Count  von  Schmettau .

“ From the 18th century still two German atlases deserve to be mentioned here … in Berlin 1749 the ‘Nouvel Atlas de Marine’ by Isaac Brouckner was published,

a  world  map

Isaac Brouckner, North America
North & Central America with Gulf of Mexico & the Caribbean

divided  into  12  sheet  in  Mercator  projection ”

(Bagrow-Skelton, Das Jahrhundert der Atlanten, in Meister der Kartographie, p. 274).

OUTSTANDING  MARITIME  ATLAS

OF  GREAT  RARITY  ON  THE  MARKET

for the preparation of which Brouckner could fall back upon all recent sources available at the Berlin Academy of Sciences and used these indeed – so Phillips – to the greatest benefit of the atlas:

“ … prepared … by order of field-marshall count Samuel von Schmettau, who did so much in Prussia to raise the level of the scientific undertakings, not only theoretical but practical, of the Berlin Royal academy of sciences during the eighteenth century. In order that this atlas might be as complete as possible, Count von Schmettau placed at Brouckner’s disposal

all  the  sheets  and  memoirs  that  were  available ,

Isaac Brouckner, Northern Europe
Northern Europe with Spitsbergen and the Polar Sea

which  were  dealt  with  in  a  masterly  way

by the geographer, with the result that a most creditable marine atlas for the time was prepared, which certainly deserves to be designated as

the  first  Prussian  marine  atlas . ”

Few exceptions aside, the designations are limited to the immediate coastal places and islands resp.,

“ (a)s this atlas comprehends only all these countries of the whole earth, which have been found and discovered untill now by way of navigation: so it is not thaught proper, to fill up the empty rooms of the countries … Every one can fill the void with notes, which seem convenient to him. ”

Besides differentiating if longitude & latitude of the respective place were determined by astronomical observation, only their height of pole is known or even latitude and height of pole resp. were just reported by “able sailors”. However, these latter of the greatest interest as documenting the then knowledge of cartography especially in the South Sea, but also the Polar Sea with respect to the Northwest and Northeast passages resp. Among these quite particularly – based on alleged reports – a

relation  of  the  St. Lawrence  River  by  the  Great  Lakes

Isaac Brouckner, Fl. de Ouest

and  a  “Fl: de l’Ouest”  to  the  sketched  Pacific  coast .

While the Great Lakes up to the Lac des Bois (Lake of the Woods) in the by far not yet exploited interior west of Quebec are represented in still passably correspondence with nature – though evidently lacking cartographic exactness – , the “River of the West” including Lac Ouinipigen (Lake Winnipeg), which should reach the Pacific in the region of today’s Vancouver, obviously was drawn bare of any detailed basis.

Isaac Brouckner, Great Lakes

The west coast of the Americas in northern direction otherwise beyond California (as peninsula), the Baye de la Conception (San Francisco Bay), the Cape Mendocino, and Capo Blanco further up to an as wide as deep inlet designated at the north shore as decouvert par Martin d’Anguilar as presumably Coos Bay, Oregon.

While the Indonesian archipelago just as peninsular India and Indochina together with the Philippines are already charted extensively, beginning with Formosa the designations along the Chinese and Korean coast get visibly more sparse. In just approximated outline finally Isle de Niphon (Honshu) with Osaka and Jedo (Tokyo), Hokkaido then as the far larger Terre de Jesso also known from Russian maps of that period.

However, with rich representation of the interior, too, from the north the Russian coast down to the region of Vladivostok. Likewise Sakhalin and Kamchatka as well as very rich in details the Kurile Islands charted by Martin Spangberg (1698 ? – 1761) 1738/9.

Isaac Brouckner, Kurile Islands and Japan

Brouckner’s affinity to Russian cartography in the course of Bering’s second Kamchatka expedition (Great Northern Expedition, 1733-1743), already noticeable in the Russian east and little surprising given his previous vocation at the Academy at Petersburg, finds its continuation along the northern coast to the Polar Sea including Chukotsk Peninsula with Cape Szalaginskoi (Cape Shelagskiy), in whose coastal interior likewise – and contrary to the intention of the “Advertisement” observed at all other coasts – elevations, forests, marshes, lakes as well as named rivers and tributaries are designated.

Otherwise design and course of the Russian coasts correspond with the maps of the Atlas Rvssicvs published four years before (here available in a colored [sic!] copy) and therefore latest knowledge then. A final representation of particularly Chukotsk Peninsula and Kamchatka was reserved to the third Russian general map by Treskot & Schmidt from 1776 (here available in its German edition of 1784) just as Matochkin Strait parting Novaya Zemlya.

Entirely unconsidered the Commander Islands with Bering Island as the largest of them, on which after shipwreck Vitus Bering met his fate 1741, and the Aleutian Islands, of which the most western had been discovered the same year by Bering’s deputy, Aleksei Ilyich Chirikov (1703-1748). The west coast of Alaska, however, vaguely outlined as Vrai semblablement l’Amerique s’etend jusqu’ici as well as the most northwestern point Les Moscovites sont venus jusqu’ici en 1743 et ont echouée sur des Terres Basses et noyées.

Isaac Brouckner, Davis Strait

In harsh contrast to Russia’s enormous cartographic efforts the still very vague knowledge about the north coast of America, but also of Greenland. So Davis Strait and Baffin Bay (Baye vue par Baffin en 1615) up to Alderman Jones and Thomas Smith Sound are entered indeed, yet in their course still not very exact. In the region of Hudson Bay in the northwest still up to Repulse Bay as Decouvertes par Midleton (Christopher Middleton, late 17th century – 1770), Anglois, l’en 1742 en cherchant un Passage à l’Ouest. Finally for the east coast of Greenland it is – with the exception of three small sections Terre vue en 1655/1690/1670 – generally Toute cette Coste n’est pas connue.

Isaac Brouckner, Van Diemens Land (Tasmania)
Van Diemens Land (Tasmania)

Australia with largely correct course of north, west, and south coasts still named – 20 years before Cook’s first voyage – Nouvelle Hollande with assumed land connections to New Guinea in the north as well as Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) in the south.

Isaac Brouckner, Maghellanstraße/Kap Hoorn

But also in South America there is – 230 years after Magellan, 170 years after Drake – irrespective of the Strait of Magellan recorded in great detail up to Cape Hoorn at the 45th parallel still another, though just outlined passage:

Isaac Brouckner, Chile - Bahia de los Camarones

“ B. de los Camarones  qu’on  croit  communiquer  avec  le  Chiloé ”.

Otherwise as “peu connües” per I. Nouvelles the Falkland Islands without western coast. Not least finally also Port San Julien of wretched memory.

In the lower quarter of the general map a table with the times of the sun’s rising and setting for spring & summer and autumn & winter resp. for all longitudes from the equator to the 60th parallel.

Monumental  world  map

measuring  mounted  c.  124.5  x  193 cm

as  so  absolutely  complete  not  provable  here .

So two of the copies proven here lack the general map, likewise two copies the small plate with the compass cards together with exercise chart as well as three the explanation. With respect to plate & text there actually should be negative report for further copies, yet by the respective cataloging – quite possibly due to not knowing about these at all – this cannot be established beyond doubt. However, none of the copies known here

with  explanation & exercise  for  the  use  of  the  charts

in  all  four  languages :

“ Although this Atlas is drawn up in French, it is yet thaught necessary for the commodity of the trading and most navigating Nations, to publish also this advertisement (beside French)

in  English , Dutch  and  German . ”

As far as existent at all the text is present in the collections without exception – thus with the presumed English edition, too – in French. Only the 1759 Dutch edition at Pieter van Os with corresponding text.

Established by literature first by the acquisition by the Library of Congress – “A little-known Dutch edition of Isaac Brouckner’s Nouvel atlas de marine, first published in 1749, Berlin, was also added by purchase” (Imago Mundi IX [1952], 116) – , its charts still carry, irrespective of the typographical Dutch text dated 1759, the unchanged year 1749 of present first edition.

So then, too, the copies of the Library of Congress and the Ayer Collection (Newberry Library, Chicago), whose general maps bear at likewise unchanged dates of 1749 the privilege note “published according to act of Parliament by John Rocque”, actually should be one – later – English edition so far just not recognized by literature. Obviously the plates were passed on accordingly.

Isaac Brouckner, Nouvel Atlas de Marine

Schmettau’s brilliant military career in i. a. Danish, Dutch, Imperial, and finally Prussian services – with participation in the Northern Wars, in the War of the Spanish Succession in the Margrave of Ansbach’s regiment in the Battle of Blenheim, siege of Stralsund, Ottoman wars under Prince Eugene of Savoy, finally under Elector Charles Albert of Bavaria, elected Emperor Charles VII – ended when in 1744 in the run-up to the Second Silesian War documents about the planned invasion of Bohemia compromising Frederick the Great fell into Austrian hands.

“ 1743 King Frederick appointed (Schmettau) 1st curator of the newly founded Academy of Sciences … (Schmettau) was … active in the works which dealt with the production of reliable maps. It partly belonged to the duties of the academy, which on November 18, 1747 had been attributed the privilege, that the maps for the use of the public were to be produced only under its supervision. Therefore also a … plan of the city of Berlin (4 sheet) was published under his direction in 1748. S. made every effort to put the topographical survey on a scientific foundation by arc measurement. Yet his wish to survey a meridian from the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea was not fulfilled … ”

(Bernhard von Poten in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie XXXI, 644 ff.).

Already in 1719, after the peace treaty in the so-called War of the Quadruple Alliance, Schmettau had drawn up “an excellent map” (ADB) of Sicily, which was followed by a survey of parts of the region of Genoa.

Isaac Brouckner, Compass Cards

Brouckner (Diegten 1686 – Basle 1762), cartographer & engraver, geographer to Louis XV,

“ dedicated himself from early youth to practical mechanics for which he had great skill, and went on long journeys, received extremely well everywhere for his technical skill; so in Paris, where, beside a present of 1500 livres, he received the title of a Royal Geographer, in Petersburg, where he was employed for 16 years as mechanic of the academy, in England and Holland, where he made a silver globe for the Prince of Orange, in Berlin, where in 1749 he published a maritime atlas of 13 charts. 1752 he returned to Switzerland and settled in Basle. His main activity here, too, was dedicated to the production of cartographic works and globes as well as holding classes in geography with which he was entrusted by the magistrate ”

(Moritz Cantor, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie III, 419).

Known i. a. still a globe for Anna Ivanovna of Russia (1735) as well as a map for the New Testament published posthumously 1769. The map of 1749 Africa listed by Tooley – cf. also Tooley, Maps and Mapmakers – should be identical with present atlas chart. Here then also his

Nouvel  Atlas  de  Marine

as  first  Prussian  maritime  atlas

in  besides  unrivaled  completeness

as here not provable anywhere else. And in such a manner

just  the  unique  chance  to  seize  the  opportunity .  Here & now .

Offer no. 28,945 / sold