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The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil
The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
with General Map , Compass Card &
Explanation in 4 Languages
as here not provable in any Collection
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
in the First Edition of 1749
Brouckner (Bruckner), Isaac. Nouvel Atlas de Marine. Composé d’une Carte Generale, et de XII Cartes Particulieres, qui Representent Le Globe Terrestre jusqu’au 82e. Degré du Coté du Nord, et jusqu’au 60e. du Coté du Sud. Berlin 1749. With
1 world map & 12 ( 2 colored in outline ) charts
– all in Mercator projection –
in engraving ( 18-18¼ × 20¾-21 in [45.8-46.2 × 52.8-53.5 cm] )
by Nicolaus Frdr. Sauerbrey (map engraver and engraver of arms in Berlin, d. about 1771) as well as 1 engraved plate with four compass cards for cutting out and small exercise chart (9 × 14¼ in [22.7 × 36.3 cm]) together with
“ Advertisement Concerning the Sea-Atlas
published and approved by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin
in the Year 1749. ”
with explanation & exercises in German , English , French, and Dutch (sm. 4to à 4 ll. No place & printer ).
Keehn 1; Phillips 612 ([later?] English ed.?, see below) & 5686 (Dutch ed. from 1759: “A Dutch edition of the earliest Prussian maritime atlas ”); Koeman IV (1970), Os 1 (taking over Phillips 5686 literally); Tooley 83; Shirley BL, M.BROU-1a; Bagrow-Skelton, Meister der Kartographie (1963), pp. 273 f. & 472 together with full-page ills. of the north-westerly part of the chart of Europe; Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers, 2nd ed. (1952); W. Schneewind, Der Basler Globenmacher Isaak Bruckner (1689-1762) in Der Globenfreund, Vienna, 2, 1953, pp. 22-29. – Max Grolls remark on occasion of the facsimile edition Berlin 1912 (Phillips 4146), that the atlas could be established in but three copies – among these just not the one of the Royal Library, today Staatsbibliothek Berlin, that in Helsingfors, however, actually the Dutch edition of 1759, see below – cannot be duplicated.
Charts XI & XII in coastal outline coloring as intended by the editor for all charts, yet here left undone for the others. – The charts on untrimmed full sheet with watermark WANGEN together with secondary mark, the plate untrimmed on three sides with watermark fragment fleur-de-lis with typographical pendant, the Advertisement each on untrimmed full sheet with watermark. Only the German version cut open at head. – The charts with margins laterally 3-8.5 cm wide, above and below in line with the sheet 5-12 mm, only with three charts the platemark partially runs along the edge of the sheet. The margins of the plate above & below 6.7 and 6.2 resp., laterally 4.7-5.2 cm wide. Utterly smoothed out centerfold perceptible at the back only, in the left white margin partly somewhat longer tears mostly backed by old, chart V in the lower margin with two tears still extending into the white margin outside of the chart’s lining done acid-freely as well as creased for 9 cm, the world map somewhat fissured in the lower margin.
of the first Prussian maritime atlas ,
drawn up by order of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin and dedicated to its director
Samuel Count von Schmettau .
(Bagrow-Skelton, Das Jahrhundert der Atlanten, in Meister der Kartographie, p. 274).
OUTSTANDING MARITIME ATLAS
OF GREAT RARITY ON THE MARKET
for the preparation of which Brouckner could fall back upon all recent sources available at the Berlin Academy of Sciences and used these indeed – so Phillips – to the greatest benefit of the atlas:
Few exceptions aside, the designations are limited to the immediate coastal places and islands resp.,
Besides differentiating if longitude & latitude of the respective place were determined by astronomical observation, only their height of pole is known or even latitude and height of pole resp. were just reported by “able sailors”. However, these latter of the greatest interest as documenting the then knowledge of cartography especially in the South Sea, but also the Polar Sea with respect to the Northwest and Northeast passages resp. Among these quite particularly – based on alleged reports – a
relation of the St. Lawrence River by the Great Lakes
and a “Fl: de l’Ouest” to the sketched Pacific coast .
While the Great Lakes up to the Lac des Bois (Lake of the Woods) in the by far not yet exploited interior west of Quebec are represented in still passably correspondence with nature – though evidently lacking cartographic exactness – , the “River of the West” including Lac Ouinipigen (Lake Winnipeg), which should reach the Pacific in the region of today’s Vancouver, obviously was drawn bare of any detailed basis.
The west coast of the Americas in northern direction otherwise beyond California (as peninsula), the Baye de la Conception (San Francisco Bay), the Cape Mendocino, and Capo Blanco further up to an as wide as deep inlet designated at the north shore as decouvert par Martin d’Anguilar as presumably Coos Bay, Oregon.
While the Indonesian archipelago just as peninsular India and Indochina together with the Philippines are already charted extensively, beginning with Formosa the designations along the Chinese and Korean coast get visibly more sparse. In just approximated outline finally Isle de Niphon (Honshu) with Osaka and Jedo (Tokyo), Hokkaido then as the far larger Terre de Jesso also known from Russian maps of that period.
However, with rich representation of the interior, too, from the north the Russian coast down to the region of Vladivostok. Likewise Sakhalin and Kamchatka as well as very rich in details the Kurile Islands charted by Martin Spangberg (1698 ? – 1761) 1738/9.
Brouckner’s affinity to Russian cartography in the course of Bering’s second Kamchatka expedition (Great Northern Expedition, 1733-1743), already noticeable in the Russian east and little surprising given his previous vocation at the Academy at Petersburg, finds its continuation along the northern coast to the Polar Sea including Chukotsk Peninsula with Cape Szalaginskoi (Cape Shelagskiy), in whose coastal interior likewise – and contrary to the intention of the “Advertisement” observed at all other coasts – elevations, forests, marshes, lakes as well as named rivers and tributaries are designated.
Otherwise design and course of the Russian coasts correspond with the maps of the Atlas Rvssicvs published four years before (here available in a colored [sic!] copy) and therefore latest knowledge then. A final representation of particularly Chukotsk Peninsula and Kamchatka was reserved to the third Russian general map by Treskot & Schmidt from 1776 (here available in its German edition of 1784) just as Matochkin Strait parting Novaya Zemlya.
Entirely unconsidered the Commander Islands with Bering Island as the largest of them, on which after shipwreck Vitus Bering met his fate 1741, and the Aleutian Islands, of which the most western had been discovered the same year by Bering’s deputy, Aleksei Ilyich Chirikov (1703-1748). The west coast of Alaska, however, vaguely outlined as Vrai semblablement l’Amerique s’etend jusqu’ici as well as the most northwestern point Les Moscovites sont venus jusqu’ici en 1743 et ont echouée sur des Terres Basses et noyées.
In harsh contrast to Russia’s enormous cartographic efforts the still very vague knowledge about the north coast of America, but also of Greenland. So Davis Strait and Baffin Bay (Baye vue par Baffin en 1615) up to Alderman Jones and Thomas Smith Sound are entered indeed, yet in their course still not very exact. In the region of Hudson Bay in the northwest still up to Repulse Bay as Decouvertes par Midleton (Christopher Middleton, late 17th century – 1770), Anglois, l’en 1742 en cherchant un Passage à l’Ouest. Finally for the east coast of Greenland it is – with the exception of three small sections Terre vue en 1655/1690/1670 – generally Toute cette Coste n’est pas connue.
Australia with largely correct course of north, west, and south coasts still named – 20 years before Cook’s first voyage – Nouvelle Hollande with assumed land connections to New Guinea in the north as well as Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) in the south.
But also in South America there is – 230 years after Magellan, 170 years after Drake – irrespective of the Strait of Magellan recorded in great detail up to Cape Hoorn at the 45th parallel still another, though just outlined passage:
“ B. de los Camarones qu’on croit communiquer avec le Chiloé ”.
Otherwise as “peu connües” per I. Nouvelles the Falkland Islands without western coast. Not least finally also Port San Julien of wretched memory.
In the lower quarter of the general map a table with the times of the sun’s rising and setting for spring & summer and autumn & winter resp. for all longitudes from the equator to the 60th parallel.
Monumental world map
measuring mounted c. 49 × 76 in (124.5 × 193 cm)
as so absolutely complete not provable here .
So two of the copies proven here lack the general map, likewise two copies the small plate with the compass cards together with exercise chart as well as three the explanation. With respect to plate & text there actually should be negative report for further copies, yet by the respective cataloging – quite possibly due to not knowing about these at all – this cannot be established beyond doubt. However, none of the copies known here
with explanation & exercise for the use of the charts
in all four languages :
As far as existent at all the text is present in the collections without exception – thus with the presumed English edition, too – in French. Only the 1759 Dutch edition at Pieter van Os with corresponding text.
Established by literature first by the acquisition by the Library of Congress – “A little-known Dutch edition of Isaac Brouckner’s Nouvel atlas de marine, first published in 1749, Berlin, was also added by purchase” (Imago Mundi IX , 116) – , its charts still carry, irrespective of the typographical Dutch text dated 1759, the unchanged year 1749 of present first edition.
So then, too, the copies of the Library of Congress and the Ayer Collection (Newberry Library, Chicago), whose general maps bear at likewise unchanged dates of 1749 the privilege note “published according to act of Parliament by John Rocque”, actually should be one – later – English edition so far just not recognized by literature. Obviously the plates were passed on accordingly.
Schmettau’s brilliant military career in i. a. Danish, Dutch, Imperial, and finally Prussian services – with participation in the Northern Wars, in the War of the Spanish Succession in the Margrave of Ansbach’s regiment in the Battle of Blenheim, siege of Stralsund, Ottoman wars under Prince Eugene of Savoy, finally under Elector Charles Albert of Bavaria, elected Emperor Charles VII – ended when in 1744 in the run-up to the Second Silesian War documents about the planned invasion of Bohemia compromising Frederick the Great fell into Austrian hands.
(Bernhard von Poten in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie XXXI, 644 ff.).
Already in 1719, after the peace treaty in the so-called War of the Quadruple Alliance, Schmettau had drawn up “an excellent map” (ADB) of Sicily, which was followed by a survey of parts of the region of Genoa.
Brouckner (Diegten 1686 – Basle 1762), cartographer & engraver, geographer to Louis XV,
(Moritz Cantor, Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie III, 419).
Known i. a. still a globe for Anna Ivanovna of Russia (1735) as well as a map for the New Testament published posthumously 1769. The map of 1749 Africa listed by Tooley – cf. also Tooley, Maps and Mapmakers – should be identical with present atlas chart. Here then also his
Nouvel Atlas de Marine
as first Prussian maritime atlas
in besides unrivaled completeness
as here not provable anywhere else. And in such a manner
just the unique chance to seize the opportunity . Here & now .
Offer no. 28,945 / sold