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The Rugendas Letters
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
first voyage to Brazil
“ … the most spectacular type
of maritime cartography ever produced ”
Carte Nouvelle des Costes de Hollande, Zeelande, Flandre, Picardie & Normandie, depuis la Brille jusques à Dieppe, auec une Partie des costes d’Angleterre, depuis l’emboucheure de la Tamise, et les Isles Voisines jusques à Brevesier, ou l’on Voit tous les Ports de Mer, Bancs des Sable & Rochers. A L’Usage des Armées de sa Majesté Britannique. Dressé sur les Memoirs les Plus Nouveaux. With
pyramidally built up , richly decorated cartouche on the right
(25.8 x 30.5 cm), presenting below the Bavarian coat of arms overarched by the electoral hat, at its sides for once Poseidon with the armed Athene as protectoress of the towns, then Mercury as patron of trade and welfare presenting the
seaside harbour and town views of Dunkirk + Calais
(8.6 x 26.2 and 6.5 x 18 cm resp.), and as counterweight
dedication cartouche for Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria
on the left (16 x 21 cm) decorated with the hops of the coat of arms of Augsburg and again Athene, but here as goddess of wisdom, and 2 puttos, one of them holding a pair of compasses and map (?), 2 compass cards and threefold miles indicator. On the water finally numerous ships partly engaged in battle. Economically coloured chart engraving in Mercator’s projection 1 : 400,000 printed from 2 plates by Romein de Hooghe (1645-1708) for Pieter Mortier in Amsterdam. 1693 (recte not before 1694, see Koeman p. 427, col. 2). 60 x 94.8 cm.
Koeman M.Mor 5, 1. – Cf. Phillips 2835. – On buff laid paper. – On the left trimmed within the frame line touching just the latitudes there, too. On the right fine, above and below wider margin. Especially the left half with weak brown impression of the opposite side resulting from folding.
The first chart of the Atlas Maritime intended as the second part to the Neptune François published after French designs the same year by Mortier with 9 charts de Hooghe’s:
(Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, vol. IV, p. 424).
Besides several explanations of locally prevailing sea and tide currents the numerous sands especially within Zeeland and before Flandres and in the mouth of the Thames as well as the depths and anchoring places. Furthermore still after the model of the schetskaarten with the
depictures of all coasts .
The cartouches left completely in their deep black as applied deliberately again and again in the old coloured atlases up to the legendary Atlas of the Great Elector for Charles II of England. Still today especially knowledgeable collectors consider any colouring as a sacrilege in regard of the beauty of the print itself whose contrast-rich early impression here even allows recognizing of thin text lines.
Maximilian II Emanuel (1662-1726), elector of Bavaria and governor of the Spanish Netherlands since 1691, fought at the side of the Empire against Louis XIV till the peace of Rijswijk of 1697 “every year at the Rhine … or in the Low Countries; the winter months he spent … in Brussels” (ADB XXI, 22 ff.).
The continental coast from Zeeland with Dordrecht and Brielle over Ostend , Dunkirk , Calais till Dieppe , on the British side from the Seven Cleaves near Hastings over Rye , Dover , New Foreland over the mouth of the Thames up to Walton-on-the-Naze . The Thames itself up to Halfwegsboomen west of Detfords . Inlands up to Antwerp – Mecheln – Gent – Tourcoing – Lille – Abbeville . – And thus not just reflecting the events of those years, but also and foremost the
equally decorative as instructive chart
of just as frequented as difficult waters .
Offer no. 28,017 / EUR 1892. / export price EUR 1797. (c. US$ 2463.) + shipping
The Chart of the North Sea from the Neptune François –
the Largest + Most Beautiful Sea Atlas
d’Allemagne, Carte de la Mer, Contenant les Bancs Isles et Costes Comprises depuis Bergen et les Isles Schetland jusque au Pas de Calais. With two compass cards, 5fold longitudinal reference, and English, French, and German miles indicators. Coloured chart in Mercator’s projection 1 : 1.55 million engraved by Herman van Loon. (Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1693). Inscribed. 61.2 x 85.9 cm.
Cf. Koeman M. Mor 1, 5 + Phillips 517 + 2848. – On especially strong laid paper with large figurative + multi-lined typographic watermarks. – Isolated tiny marginal tears especially in the wide white lateral margins and pinhead-small holes at the upper margin of the chart close to the fold, all backed acid-freely. Here also a V-shaped, however, by tone & shape quite unobtrusive tidemark extending 28 cm into the subject widely following coast and compass lines (loxodrome) resp. In the lower half of the chart minor box pleats resulting from print. Otherwise of unused freshness as already Koeman states on the Neptune as such:
Impression from the French original plate with the anchor mark decorated by three fleur-de-lis of the Depot des Cartes et Plans de la Marine – founded in 1720 – that took over the plates of the Neptune françois in 1751 (Lexikon der Kartographie, vol. C2, p. 734) and with the price note “trente Sols”. On the simultaneous copy by Pieter Mortier, Amsterdam, his “Faite par Ordre du Roy, à Paris 1693” appeared instead of mark and price, all later editions bear Mortier’s own address.
One of the compass cards with the sun of Louis XIV. – Standing out among the sands the Doggerbank, but due to the numerous depth especially instructive the representation of the mud flats of North, East, and West Frisia and the sands in the Channel, the mouth of the Thames and in The Wash. – The Norwegian coast from about North Fjord on 62° northern latitude up to Oslo Fjord, the Danish coast still with Skagen and Randers in the Cattegatt. On the German side Elbe and Weser with Hamburg and Bremen + Delmenhorst resp., on the Dutch side the whole Zuyderzee and further over Zeeland including Antwerp up to Cap Gris-Nez. The English east coast from the Orkneys over Cape Strathy – Dornoch – Firth of Forth up to Stirling – the Thames up to London and the channel coast till about Hastings.
A classic chart of our waters – instructive + grandiose at the same time .
Offer no. 28,019 / price on application
One of the Most Beautiful Charts by Van Keulen
Keulen, Gerard van (1678 Amsterdam 1726/7). The New Sea Map Chanell Betwext England et France. With explanation cartouche and ornamentally surrounded title-cartouche, fivefold miles indicator, current arrows, and two compass cards. Chart engraving 1 : 620,000 in Mercator’s projection printed from 2 plates. C. 1705. 60.3 x 100.9 cm.
Koeman, Keu 71, 13 (+ p. 375, II, Keulen 200); Phillips/LeGear 5693, 34. – Cf. also Koeman, Keu 24 + 29-32. – Indistinctly typographic watermark. – Title in Dutch-French-English-Spanish parallel text. – With fine, at the sides and below even up to 17 mm wide margin surrounding the 5 mm wide platemark. – A slightly more severe tidemark at the upper margin still reaching into the chart’s rim, a just weak one at the lower margin stretching almost imperceptibly in a narrow stripe c. 8.5 cm into the chart along the left fold. A short tiny wormhole of 3 mm backed acid-freely. Otherwise fine impression of rich contrast and well-preserved freshness.
The detailed representation of the coasts with countless soundings ,
widely named reefs , sands , and shallows ,
beacon lights , bearing lines , and anchoring places .
Further entered as the two important sea battles at the beginning of the epoch of English-French wars the battle of Beachy Head of 1690, the one and only French victory, and the battle of Barfleur-La Hogue of 1692 “as one of the decisive battles of the world … as it convinced the French that their fate laid ashore and not at sea” (Christopher Lloyd, Atlas zur Seefahrtsgeschichte, p. 36).
The British coast from the Scillies over Torbay , Southampton and Brighton till Dover, on the continent from Plogoff over Ile d’Ouessant , the channel islands , St. Malo and Le Havre till Calais. Furthermore still with the northern coast of Cornwall and the southern part of the Bristol channel up to Bridgwater. Geographically reaching with increasing latitudes from 48° 5’ till 51° 10’ northern latitude. The longitudes without division and designation.
The extraordinary exactness and wealth of information of Gerard van Keulen’s charts as can be duplicated in the light of the one here received deserved credit by the Oostindische Compagnie in later years:
These charts were published both on their own – Keu 24 + 29 ff. – as also together with the common small-sized charts in the Zee-Atlas – Keu 31 – and the Zee-Fakkel – Keu 71 – , but opposed to these charts, re-issued partly unchanged well into the 19th century, supposedly already in 1734 for the last time. The chart here therefore not just standing out in regard of its size, but also belonging to those works that
established the reputation and success of the house Keulen
lasting for more than 200 years .
Offer no. 28,002 / EUR 1892. / export price EUR 1797. (c. US$ 2463.) + shipping