This and that from the Sailors Chest …
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From the Archive
The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil
The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
Specified with the Accuracy
of the Early Period of
Modern Topographical Survey:
Navigabilities (N) – Harbours (H)
Channels (C) – Dykes (D) – Passages (P)
on Maps of European Countries + Provincies
This obsession with details ultimately a case of the 2nd half of the last century. Here now from 1833-1837 by
Friedrich Wilhelm Streit
(Ronneburg, Thuringia, 1772 – Berlin 1839) as one of the leading pioneers whose Charte von Teutschland consisting of several hundred plates published since 1807 as the first all-German general map is the century-edition of an atlas of Germany par excellence.
After taking part in the Napoleonic wars 1797-1805 as officer in first Hanoverian, then Austrian services, Streit became director of von Liechtenstern’s geographic office in Vienna and two years later assistant at Friedrich Justin Bertuch’s Geographic Institute in Weimar. Meanwhile professor for mathematics at the college in Hildburghausen, he joined Prussian service as captain of the artillery, retiring 1832 as major to become co-editor of the Berliner politische Wochenblatt (Berlin Political Weekly) – “a well and wittily written, consequently executed paper … for Berlin … the first paper which really deserves the name of a political one” (Geiger, Berlin 1688-1840, 2nd ed. Berlin 1895, pp. 553 ff., quoted from Theodor Fontane, Werke, Schriften und Briefe. Ed. by Walter Keitel & Helmuth Nürnberger. 3rd ed. 1995, pp. 1202 ff.) – founded by Karl Ernst Jahrcke the year before.
Present maps executed in outline coloured steel engraving by several engravers for his Atlas of Europe published in numbers by Natorff & Co. in Berlin. Some of the maps after drawings by his sons Arno, Guido and Hugo. They are of upright and oblong format of about 8¼-9 × 10⅞-11⅜ in (21-23 × 27.5-29 cm) resp.
To the marks for the maritime traffic come those of the traffic on natural and “Artificial Routes” and their use by postal-(express-)routes together with their respective stations. And of course differentiating between boroughs, places + towns. And mostly with further details up to universities, schools, free-masonry lodges.
The respective extent of the maritime marks according to the shortcuts in the headline.