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The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil
The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
The Great Naval Review of 1853
as Demonstration of Progress & Power
before the Declaration of the Crimean War
Brierly, Oswald Walters (Chester 1817 – London 1894). The Naval Review at Spithead. Her Majesty The Queen Reviewing the Fleet in Action. From the Original Drawing by O. W. Brierly, Esquire. Toned chalk lithograph with detail coloring by Thomas Goldsworthy Dutton (1819/20 – Clapham 1891) by Day & Son for Ackermann & Co., London. Inscribed: Paris deposé / No. 2 / T. G. Dutton, Lith. / Day & Son Lithrs. to the Queen / London, Published Novr 1st 1853, by Ackermann, & Co. 96 Strand, By Appointment to H. M. the Queen, H. R. H. Prince Albert, H. R. H. the Duchess of Kent, &c, &c, otherwise as above and, for the names of the ships, below resp. 14⅞ × 31⅞ in (37.8 × 81 cm).
The great naval review of August 11 , 1853
in preparation of the Crimean War ,
here during the battle exercise :
Lined up in three parallel columns and throughout designated by name in the lower margin, in the left half of the picture there are with Highflyer (26 guns), Imperieuse (60), Edinburgh (58), Blenheim (60), the Duke of Wellington launched only the previous year (131), and Agamemnon (90) the propeller ships of the weather division. On the right, however, with Vulture and Baracouta (6 guns each) two paddle steamers of the lee division.
Big at the center and leading the maneuver enemy the two-decker Prince Regent (91 guns), followed by the three-decker Queen (116), the two-decker London (92) as well as, half covered, the Amphion (34). Visible in the middle distance between Prince Regent & Queen the Royal Yacht with H. M. The Queen Victoria & H. R. H. Prince Albert on board.
As covered or outside of the representation furthermore listed per caption “Terrible 21. Odin 16. Leopard 12 formed continuation of weather division of screw-fleet in this direction. / La Hogue 60. Ajax 58. Arrogant 36. Tribune 30. Desperate 8. Sidon 22. Encounter 14. and Vesuvius 6. formed continuation of the lee division of screw-fleet in this direction”. – In the center within the title below a crown formed by sterns and sails anchor signet with Nelson’s signal before the Battle of Trafalgar “England Expects That Every Man Will Do His Duty” as motto running around.
All, however, still full-rigged, although only the ships-of-the-line of the center line, in later years partly likewise furnished with propellers, have sails set. In such a manner also evidently marking the beginning
transition from sailing ship to battleship ,
from classic to modern naval warfare .
Not ten years later in the American Civil War the small iron monitors with but few guns mounted, however, in revolving armored turrets would become the decisive factor of the naval action. A development which by the construction of ever larger, ever more heavily armored battleships then at least partially took up quasi contrary tendencies again, culminating in the Battle of Jutland only 50 years later.
Worth emphasizing besides that with present 1853 naval review not the usual plain presentation of the ships, but – especially with respect to the presence of the Czar’s daughters Maria and Olga Nikolajewna –
the demonstration of the superiority of the new propulsion
in various realistic maneuvers up to the battle
was in the center, as also noted by the contemporary reporting of the Times. Which otherwise states with as much regret as understanding considering the political situation that at least four first-rate ships-of-the-line – among which also the brand-new H.M.S. St. Jean d’Arce – had not been brought to Portsmouth, supposedly for not to give the parade a too menacing character. That the parade nevertheless was intended as menace and escalation on the path to the final declaration of war in March next year becomes evident from the close chronological correlation
just six weeks after the occupation of Moldavia and Wallachia
by Russian troops. – The pendant Her Majesty The Queen Leading the Fleet to Sea was published the month before.
Brierly , after studying both arts and shipbuilding, went to
(David E. L. Thomas, Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon XIV  212).
Dutton for his part
(Mora Dianne O’Neill, Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon XXXI  295).
Generally evenly feebly browned, yet with respect to the chamois-colored tone plate perceptible in caption and white margin only. In the former especially on the right also quite weak, mostly only little stains or spots. White margin of above and below c. 10, left 7, right 3 mm around the double enclosing line. – On the back running round remains of adhesive tape from former framing. In such a manner, however,
of round about remarkably fine preservation
as especially worth mentioning for these large and thereby additionally vulnerable sheets intended foremost for decoration and therefore wear.
Offer no. 28,930 / EUR 1500. / export price EUR 1425. (c. US$ 1647.) + shipping