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The Rugendas Letters:
Johann Moritz Rugendas’
First Voyage to Brazil
The Sections of Cap Trafalgar
The First Prussian Maritime Atlas
The only Monitor of her Class
to see Action during the American Civil War
“ The Famous Double-Turreted Iron-Clad Monitor ”
Monadnock, United States Iron Clad Battery. The monitor with two turrets laid down and launched 1862/63 at the Boston Navy Yard, Charlestown, Mass., and commissioned Oct. 4, 1864, running to the right in calm sea under slight clouds. Far left behind shadowy steamer with additional schooner rig. Partially colored chalk lithograph printed with 3 tone plates by Endicott & Co. (1864.) Inscribed: Lithographed & Published by Endicott & Co. 59 Beekman St. New York, otherwise as above together with further information on constructor, suppliers of engine & turrets as well as technical data. 14½ × 25¾ in (36.7 × 65.3 cm).
Named after Mount Monadnock in southern New Hampshire Monadnock had at a length of 259 ft 6 and a beam of 53 ft a depth of 12 ft 6 in and was propelled by 2 propellers. The engines were supplied by I. P. Morris Towne & Co., Philadelphia. She was constructed, however, by William L. Hanscom:
(New York Times, Sep. 5, 1881).
The wooden hull clad with iron plates, however, ultimately proved to be too weak for the two turrets supplied by Atlantic Works in Boston with their together four 15 inch guns.
Monadnock saw her first action during the Christmas bombardment of Fort Fisher at the entrance of Cape Fear River and – after General Benjamin F. Butler, notorious not least for General Order 28 issued by him in 1862 as commander of the occupation forces in New Orleans which practically put the women of the city at the mercy of the members of the occupation forces, broke off the attack – again in January when under a new command the fort was taken successfully. Engagements against Wilmington, Charleston and finally Richmond followed. Later she kept watch over CSS Stonewall in Havana.
Together with three further units she was transferred to the West Coast in October. After a voyage of nine months passing through the Strait of Magellan round South America with several port calls the squadron arrived at San Francisco and Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo by end of June 1866, where Monadnock was decommissioned immediately. During the voyage in the tropical latitudes stokers collapsed at temperatures of 120-140°F in the fire-room and only by extra pay and special rations of rum volunteers could be recruited for the work. 1874 eventually the wooden hull was broken up as part of a modernization program, however, the modernization became a completely new ship and only the name remained.
The monitors of the Union
revolutionized the construction of warships radically .
Armed with but few guns mounted, however, in revolving armored turrets this type of ship developed by John Ericsson proved far superior to the broadside batteries of the ships of the line and frigates and completely displaced these in all fleets in the following decades. In battle for the first time independent of the ship’s course in addition the monitors were smaller and more maneuverable, an advantage which, however, would be given up at least partially in a quasi contrary development of ever larger, ever more heavily armored battleships, culminating in the Battle of Jutland only 50 years later.
Established 1830 by George Endicott (Canton, Mass., 1802 – New York 1848) and Moses Swett in Baltimore for the production and sale of prints the company was relocated the other year to New York. Meanwhile run by Endicott alone the younger brother and lithographer William E. (1816 Canton, Mass., 1851) had joined first as accountant and in 1845 became partner of then G. & W. Endicott. After his brother’s death he continued the company under his own name, which after also his decease would still continue as Endicott & Co. until 1886.
(Christine Rohrschneider, Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon XXXIII , p. 543).
Due to the paper generally feebly browned and especially in the upper and lower margins as well as the right part of the sky a little foxed. Margins at top 6.7, laterally 4.5 and at the bottom 3 cm wide. In the left white margin somewhat creased and a backed tear 3.5 cm long. Two tiny tears in addition in the right margin. Irrespective of such traces of patina which should not be overvalued with respect to the general delicacy of these large and thereby additionally vulnerable sheets intended foremost for decoration and therefore wear an
as large as fine & decorative portrait of the Monadnock
important for both shipbuilding and final stage of the Civil War .
Offer no. 28,931 / EUR 1690. / export price EUR 1606. (c. US$ 1839.) + shipping